basal ganglia

A Scalable Population Code for Time in the Striatum

Mello et al. find that the majority of neurons encoding time in the striatum, a central basal ganglia structure, contract and dilate their firing based on the task interval. These results highlight how neural activity is translated into optimally timed motor actions.

Double dissociation of single-interval and rhythmic temporal prediction in cerebellar degeneration and Parkinson’s disease

This paper is one among many that contrast the presumes (and tested) roles of the basal ganglia and cerebellum in performing actions that are either rhythmic or based on single intervals.